Tuesday, October 27, 2009

20 Years Ago Today: SEAC on the Threshold of a National Movement

   
   

Nearly twenty years after we both spent countless hours helping to organize Threshold in our first semester at UNC-Chapel Hill, C-line and I recently sat down to remember SEAC's early days. We thought about visiting the Forest Theatre, where Threshold concluded in an emotional ceremony on Sunday, October 29, 1989. But it was otherwise occupied by the Paperhand Puppet Intervention, performing one of their annual late summer shows. So we traveled a few hundred yards down the road, and ended up at the curved stone bench behind Gimghoul Castle that overlooks the far edge of Battle Park.

At the first SEAC organizing meeting of the fall semester '89 (in Hamilton 100), Jimmy Langman convinced us all that Threshold was going to spark a national movement, and Ericka Kurz gave a fiery, impassioned speech wearing a cool black leather jacket. Besides Jimmy and Ericka, SEAC founding members who were running the show included Alec Guettal, Blan Holman, and Don Whittier. They were all juniors, seniors, even recent grads, but nobody past their early twenties. Still, as C-line put it, "They seemed so old. And we said, tell us what you need us to do!"

The nuts and bolts effort required to actually organize a nationwide conference in the pre-internet era was a little less romantic. Working alongside dedicated souls like Lisa Abbott, Chris van Daalen, Celeste Joye, Yu-Yee Wu, Raj Krishnasami, Mark Chilton, Quaker Kappel, Ruby Sinreich, Susan Comfort, Sarah Davis, Dave Ball, Nicole Breedlove, and a bunch of other SEAC'ers, we prepared mass mailings, entered hundreds of pre-registered attendees' names into ancient Mac computers, lined up crash pad arrangements with hundreds of UNC students, and using a primitive device known as the landline telephone, called up folks who wanted more info to convince them to make the trek to Chapel Hill. And my favorite part, sitting around in endless meeting circles on the second floor of the Campus Y, arguing over one minor detail or another until the WHOLE GROUP reached a consensus.


Threshold ad from Oct. '89 issue of Music Monitor.

The conference succeeded beyond anyone's wildest dreams. Over 1,700 people showed up from around the country, representing 43 states and 225 schools. It was the largest gathering of student activists since the heyday of SDS in the late 60s. And it launched SEAC as a national student environmental movement. By the early 90s, SEAC chapters existed at over 2,000 U.S. colleges and high schools.

SEAC helped spark a renewal of progressive activism on campuses nationwide. From early on, organizers expanded the definition of environmental issues to include environmental racism and corporate accountability. Over the next few years, national SEAC trainers traveled the country to run local weekend organizer trainings that schooled a new crop of student activists.

SEAC coordinated additional national and regional conferences (most notably, the 1990 Catalyst conference, which drew 7,600 students to Champaign-Urbana, IL) and organized a series of national campaigns (including energy independence, corporate greed, defense of old growth forests, Free Burma, and anti-globalization). SEAC-sponsored voter education work helped elect green candidates at local and state levels.

Unfortunately, SEAC's growth made it overly reliant on grant money. And when some of its foundation donors eventually decided the group was too radical, and yanked their support, SEAC lost a significant chunk of its budget. The number of paid staffers plummeted from 13 down to 7 and then zero.

PIRGs also began jockeying with SEAC chapters for members, and after using SEAC's membership list to organize a 1994 conference, founded a competing student activist network called Free The Planet.

Internal SEAC struggles intensified, and the national office in Carrboro, NC closed its doors in the fall of 1996. However, SEAC rebuilt from the grassroots up, and reopened its national office in 1998, which moved first to Philadelphia and then Charleston, WV.

On a personal level, my involvement with SEAC convinced me I wanted to be an organizer, and laid the foundation for all my political work that's followed. I saw my first published articles appear in issues of SEAC's national newsletter (later renamed Threshold Magazine). I became good friends with C-line, and our adventures have continued ever since. I worked on my first winning political campaign thanks to SEAC, when we elected Mark Chilton to the Chapel Hill Town Council in 1991 (at age 21, he was the youngest candidate ever elected in North Carolina, and the first and only UNC undergraduate to hold public office in Chapel Hill to this day).

Two decades after Threshold, SEAC remains the nation's largest student- and youth-led environmental group. The most fitting thing that happened to commemorate Threshold's 20th anniversary was that from Oct 16-18, the SEAC-affiliated Energy Action Coalition sponsored a regional summit (Carolinas Power Shift) at UNC-Chapel Hill. 350 student environmental activists gathered from schools in North and South Carolina to network and organize for action on clean energy and climate change. And speakers included Mark Chilton (now the two-term mayor of Carrboro), wearing his original Threshold t-shirt!

Clearly, SEAC continues to mobilize young people to protect our planet and our future. For more information on SEAC and its work today, visit SEAC.org.

9 comments:

Lisa Abbott said...

Thanks, Erik, for a great post. I've been thinking lots about the early years of SEAC lately. Last winter I attended the Powershift 09 conference in DC where 12,000 students converged - 20 years after Threshold. It blew me away, and certainly made me feel old! Here in KY, a close friend of mine was recently hired as SEAC's first full time organizer in the state.

The student movement here and across the country is strong, sophisticated, and courageous. The last 30 years have been the lost years as far as environmental progress in the US. But things are changing rapidly now, and SEAC is an important factor.

Thanks for look back!

Lisa Abbott

jimmy langman said...

Hey Erik! Thanks for remembering Threshold.

I am in Chile! I left San Francisco and Earth Island Instiute back in 1996, with a brief return in 1998, before moving back to Chile (and Bolivia for a time).

devin said...

Thanks for making it happen, the student enviro movement & Threshold were important to my live. Odd that I now live in Chapel Hill. I also was involved in the recent PowerShift event with two other Threshold attendees. Fun.

-- devin

Sarah Davis said...

I enjoyed reading your post on Threshold. What an amazing event...I think back to it often. Such a great group of people who were involved and it was amazing to see the conference succeed more spectacularly than we dreamed.

All the best...Sarah.

alex said...

I can't believe the Threshold conference was 20 years ago -- I attended as a freshman in college. It was _the_ transformational event of my life at the time -- it catalyzed (no pun intended) my previously-scattered environmental efforts and plunged me into complete commitment to campus environmental activism and to SEAC. It launched me into a lifetime (so far!) of activism, starting with enviro issues but branching out from there.

I distinctly remember thinking as I listened to the speakers (David Brower, Barry Commoner, Randy ___ from Rainforest Action Network, and lots of students) that we had 10 years to fix things before they got irrevocable. Here we are 20 years later. I hope I was wrong!

It is very inspiring to see students today carrying the torch of Threshold (through SEAC, through Power Shift, through other efforts). I hope they keep in mind that the pendulum of public attention swings drastically -- the 20th anniversary of Earth Day in 1990, right after Threshold, was huge, but the falloff in interest afterwards was just as huge.

Hopefully the gravity of climate change now will prevent a similar pendulum swing.

Great post and thanks for the reminiscences! (is that a word?)

Tina H said...

Thanks for the post. I have been thinking about my days with SEAC lately. I am a little hazy on somethings from that time. I seem to remember a conference in Boulder, Co called Fusion. Was that SEAC or another group of like minded folks? Thanks. Tina H.

柯華德 (Walter, His Own Self) said...

Being Earth Day 2010 I pulled out my faded green-black-and-white Threshold t-shirt from the first SEAC conference in Chapel Hill. I'm happy I attended and it's great to read your thoughts as you look back.

Best,
Walter

Tyler Offerman said...

SEAC LIVES!!! I work with the Kentucky Student Environmental Coalition and am 1 of 3 paid staffers that work for SEAC. The National Council has dissolved, the office is closed (as far as I know), and until 2 years ago there was only one person in WV bottomlining national SEAC organizing. But we are mobilizing folks around Appalachia and there are rumblings of trying to reform the Council.

SEAC has certainly ebbed and flowed but there are still some young and wild folks carrying the torch. It's nice to hear the old stories and learn about the foundation of the organization I now work for.

If any of y'all want to keep in the loop with our work check us out @ www.kystudentenvironmentalcoalition.org

David Ball said...

Thanks, Erik, for the memory. We organize around struggles, and organizing itself is a series of struggles. I'm proud of all the work SEAC did, starting with Threshold (with which I wasn't that involved) and what we built from it (with which I was really involved). I was so distressed to be out of the country when SEAC basically imploded--our thoughts of making the organization decentralized and not a monarchy sadly left us open to being exploited by people who took advantage of the openness. Lessons to be learned from that, to be sure.

Shout out to all people who come by this--I'm now doing work around mass incarceration from within the academy. And thanks again for the reminder--SEAC is an integral part of who I am today.

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